Direct Marketing, Mail Order, and E-commerce News from the National Mail Order Association

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Nation’s Population One-Third Minority

About 1-in-every-3 U.S. residents was part of a group other than single-race non-Hispanic white — according to national estimates by race, Hispanic origin and age released today by the U.S. Census Bureau. In 2005, the nation’s minority population totaled 98 million, or 33 percent, of the country’s total of 296.4 million.

“These mid-decade numbers provide further evidence of the increasing diversity of our nation’s population,” said Census Bureau Director Louis Kincannon.

Hispanics continue to be the largest minority group at 42.7 million.
With a 3.3 percent increase in population from July 1, 2004, to July 1, 2005, they are the fastest-growing group.

Unless otherwise specified, the data refer to the population who reported a race alone or in combination with one or more other races. The tables show data for both this group and those who reported a single race only.

The second largest minority group was blacks (39.7 million), followed by
Asians (14.4 million), American Indians and Alaska natives (4.5 million) and
native Hawaiians and other Pacific islanders (990,000). The population of
non-Hispanic whites who indicated no other race totaled 198.4 million in
2005. http://www.census.gov/popest/estimates.php

Highlights for the various groups follow:

Hispanics

• Hispanics accounted for almost half (1.3 million, or 49 percent)
of the national population growth of 2.8 million between July 1, 2004
and July 1, 2005.

• Of the increase of 1.3 million, 800,000 was because of natural increase (births minus deaths) and 500,000 was because of immigration.
http://www.census.gov/popest/estimates.php

• The Hispanic population in 2005 was much younger with a median age
of 27.2 years compared to the population as a whole at 36.2 years.
About a third of the Hispanic population was under 18, compared with
one-fourth of the total population. http://www.census.gov/popest/estimates.php

Blacks

• The black population increased by 1.3 percent or 496,000 between 2004 and 2005.

• Of the increase of 496,000, about 407,000 was because of natural
increase and 89,000 was because of immigration.

• The black population in 2005 was younger with a median age of 30.0 years, compared to the population as a whole at 36.2 years.
About 31 percent of the black population was under 18, compared with 25
percent of the total population.

Asians

• The Asian population rose by 3 percent or 421,000 between 2004 and 2005.

• Of the increase of 421,000 in the Asian population between 2004 and 2005, 182,000 was because of natural increase and 239,000 was because of immigration.

• The Asian population in 2005 was younger with a median age of 33.2 years, compared to the population as a whole at 36.2 years. About 26 percent of the Asian population was under 18, compared with 25 percent of the total population.

American Indians and Alaska natives

• The American Indian and Alaska native population rose by 1 percent
or 43,000 from 2004 to 2005.

• The American Indian and Alaska native population in 2005 was younger with a median age of 30.7 years, compared to the population as a whole at 36.2 years. About 29 percent of the American Indian and Alaska native population was under 18, compared with 25 percent of the total population.

Native Hawaiians and other Pacific islanders

• The native Hawaiian and other Pacific islander population rose by
1.5 percent or 15,000 from 2004 to 2005.

• The native Hawaiian and other Pacific islander population in 2005 was younger with a median age of 28.2 years, compared to the population as a whole at 36.2 years. About 31 percent of the native Hawaiian and other Pacific islander population was under 18, compared with 25 percent of the total population.

Non-Hispanic whites

• The non-Hispanic, single-race white population, which represented just under 67 percent of the total population, accounted for less than a fifth (19 percent) of the nation’s total population growth.

• Of the increase of 500,000, about 300,000 was because of natural increase with 200,000 attributed to immigration.

• The non-Hispanic, single-race white population in 2005 was older than the population as a whole: the respective median ages were 40.3 and 36.2. About 22 percent of the population of this group was under 18, compared with 25 percent of the total population.

Also released today were tabulations by age and sex, which showed:

Age and Sex

• There were 36.8 million people age 65 and older, accounting for 12 percent of the total population. (See Table 3.)

• The number of people age 85 and older reached 5.1 million.

• In 2005, working-age adults (18- to 64-year-olds) totaled 186.2 million,
which was 63 percent of the population.

• The total number of preschoolers (under age 5) in the United States in 2005 was estimated at 20.3 million.

• The number of elementary school-age (5 through 13) children was 36.1 million, with high-school age (14 though 17) children numbering 17.1 million.

• There were 104 males per every 100 females under 18. This ratio declines with age, however, to 72 men for every 100 women 65 and over and 46 men per every 100 women age 85 and over.

NOTES:

The federal government treats Hispanic origin and race as separate and
distinct concepts. In surveys and censuses, separate questions are asked on
Hispanic origin and race. The question on Hispanic origin asks respondents
if they are Spanish, Hispanic or Latino. Starting with Census 2000, the
question on race asks respondents to report the race or races they consider
themselves to be. Thus, Hispanics may be of any race. (See U.S. Census
Bureau Guidance on the Presentation and Comparison of Race and Hispanic
Origin Data.)

These data are based on estimates of U.S. population for July 1, 2005. The Census Bureau estimates population change from the most recent decennial census (Census 2000) using annual data on births, deaths and international migration. More detailed information on the methodology used to produce these estimates can be found at http://www.census.gov/popest/topics/methodology/v2005_nat_char_meth.html >

For Excel Tables visit: http://www.census.gov/popest/estimates.php

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